Lower back pain is an unpleasant feeling of tension and numbness in the lower back. Very often this syndrome is accompanied by small spasms and tingling.
It is very difficult for people who often suffer from back pain to perform tasks that involve strenuous physical exertion. Moreover, if a person lifts something heavy, it can damage the back muscles and worsen their condition.
Although low back pain attacks are usually recurrent and quite tolerable, it is very important to identify the causes of back pain in time to start treatment and prevent more serious complications.
1. Lumbar arthritis
This degenerative disease affects the intervertebral discs, which serve as stabilizers for the spine. As a result of this, there is an inflammatory process, which is accompanied by pain and numbness in the lower back. Also, with lumbar arthritis, it is very difficult for a person to continue to lead a normal life and perform certain physical work.
Usually, the cause of arthritis is wear and tear of the joints, which often occurs in old age. However, sometimes this syndrome occurs as a result of serious injury or overexertion.
2. Stretching muscles
When it comes to the main causes of back pain, it is impossible not to mention the stretching of muscles and ligaments. At first glance, such injuries seem insignificant, but in reality, they violate the stability and strength of the spine, which makes it harder for a person to maintain proper posture even after repairing damaged tissues.
Muscle strain is often caused by high-intensity exercise or sudden and repetitive movements in certain sports.
There are even risk groups, which include people with overweight and obesity, as well as other serious disorders of the internal organs.
3. Muscle spasm
In most cases, the cause of pain in the lower back is a violation of muscle function. Muscle spasms in a certain area can lead to numbness and loss of sensitivity. As a result, there are unpleasant pain and acute inflammation.
Note that the main causes of a muscle strain are sudden movements or incorrect posture.
4. Damage the intervertebral disc (IVD)
Very often, back pain is a degenerative disease that is accompanied by severe discomfort, irritability, and inability to participate in an active life with high intensity.
Symptoms usually worsen immediately after waking from sleep or in the case of prolonged sitting.
What’s more, the pain can spread to the lower extremities, especially if there is a strong contraction of the muscles.
5. Muscle weakness
In fact, there are many causes of muscle weakness. Insufficient and irregular physical activity, poor diet, passive lifestyle, and bad habits – all these adverse factors negatively affect the condition and functioning of muscles.
Note, that when muscles weaken and become less endurable, this leads to a general weakening of the spine. As a result, the joints lose stability and the ability to support the body.
All these unpleasant symptoms provoke stretching of the muscles, which can lead to the spread of pain not only to the lower back but also to the upper and lower extremities.
6. Diseases of the female reproductive system
Unfortunately, sometimes back pain can be associated with temporary disorders of the female reproductive system. Agree, many women experience severe back pain during uterine contractions during childbirth. Also, many women suffer from acute pain and cramps during periods.
Certain diseases of the genital system, including endometriosis and bladder infections, are very common causes of back pain.
7. Disorders of the stomach and intestines
Most people associate the appearance of back pain with the influence of adverse external factors on the spine. However, in reality, very often back pain is the result of certain digestive disorders and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
When it comes to the main causes of back pain, we advise you to be wary if you have been diagnosed with a stomach and duodenal ulcer, or if you often experience pain in the anus or suffer from regular constipation.
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